Symptoms of Migraines
- A throbbing headache often on one side of the head but can be on both sides. Often, the pain will radiate to the neck muscles.
- Disturbances in vision just before or during the headache
- Nausea and vomiting in addition to the headache.
- Changes in light or noise makes the headache worse
Management of Migraines
- Eat small regular meals. When you skip meals, your blood sugar goes down causing headaches.
- Drink water regularly. Dehydration contributes to headaches. Alleviate this by intentionally drinking plenty of water and various drinks throughout the day.
- Limit screen time. Put away your computers, mobile phones and stay away from the television for a few hours each day.
- Have a regular sleep pattern. Inadequate amounts of sleep often trigger an episode of migraine. Avoid this by sleeping at the same time and waking up at the same time each day. Sleep in a quiet dark room also because noise and bright lights may act as triggers.
- Manage stress effectively. Embrace techniques for managing daily stressors such as talking to a friend, journaling and planning your day effectively. Rest frequently and learn how to ignore unimportant stressors.
When to see a doctor
- When migraine episodes become more frequent and last longer than usual. This could indicate an underlying problem.
- If you experience temporary blindness just before or during a migraine attack.
- If you experience migraine episodes more than twice a week.
- If you vomit uncontrollably and have a headache that won’t stop despite taking medications.
- If you lose consciousness, feel dizzy and confused in addition to your headache.
- When the migraine episodes occur a few days to getting your period or during pregnancy.